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A cabinet secretary is usually a senior official (typically a civil servant) who provides services and advice to a cabinet of ministers as part of the Cabinet Office. In many countries, the position can have considerably wider functions and powers, including general responsibility for the entire civil service. The title of cabinet secretary may also be used as an alternative term for a politically appointed cabinet minister, derived from secretary of state—the formal title for ministers. This naming convention is used in Japan, Kenya, Scotland and the United States.

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  • 사무차관(事務次官)은 주로 내각제나 이원집정부제 국가에 존재하는 공직으로서, 특정 부처에서 정무직공무원(장관, 정무차관) 바로 아래의 일반직공무원, 즉 해당 부처의 일반직공무원 최선임자다. 대한민국에서는 내각제였던 제2공화국때만 존재했다. 영국에서는 사무차관을 Permanent Under-secretary 라고 한다. 한편 독일이나 핀란드에서는 사무차관을 Secretary of State라고 하는데, 이 표현이 영어권에서는 장관에 해당하기 때문에 혼선이 발생한다.
  • A cabinet secretary is usually a senior official (typically a civil servant) who provides services and advice to a cabinet of ministers as part of the Cabinet Office. In many countries, the position can have considerably wider functions and powers, including general responsibility for the entire civil service. The title of cabinet secretary may also be used as an alternative term for a politically appointed cabinet minister, derived from secretary of state—the formal title for ministers. This naming convention is used in Japan, Kenya, Scotland and the United States.
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  • 사무차관(事務次官)은 주로 내각제나 이원집정부제 국가에 존재하는 공직으로서, 특정 부처에서 정무직공무원(장관, 정무차관) 바로 아래의 일반직공무원, 즉 해당 부처의 일반직공무원 최선임자다. 대한민국에서는 내각제였던 제2공화국때만 존재했다. 영국에서는 사무차관을 Permanent Under-secretary 라고 한다. 한편 독일이나 핀란드에서는 사무차관을 Secretary of State라고 하는데, 이 표현이 영어권에서는 장관에 해당하기 때문에 혼선이 발생한다.
  • A cabinet secretary is usually a senior official (typically a civil servant) who provides services and advice to a cabinet of ministers as part of the Cabinet Office. In many countries, the position can have considerably wider functions and powers, including general responsibility for the entire civil service. The title of cabinet secretary may also be used as an alternative term for a politically appointed cabinet minister, derived from secretary of state—the formal title for ministers. This naming convention is used in Japan, Kenya, Scotland and the United States.
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  • Cabinet secretary
  • 사무차관
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