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Velupillai Prabhakaran was a Sri Lankan Tamil guerrilla and the founder and leader of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), a militant organization that sought to create an independent Tamil state in the north and east of Sri Lanka. The LTTE waged war in Sri Lanka for more than 25 years, to create an independent state for the Sri Lankan Tamil people.

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  • --05-18
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  • வேலுப்பிள்ளை பிரபாகரன்
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  • Velupillai Prabhakaran (tamil. வேலுப்பிள்ளை பிரபாகரன், ur. 26 listopada 1954 w , Sri Lanka, zm. 18 maja 2009) – tamilski bojownik i przywódca polityczny Tygrysów Wyzwolenia Tamilskiego Ilamu. Pełnił rolę nominalnego przywódcy państwa Ilam, które nie było uznawane przez społeczność międzynarodową, ale nie było też pod kontrolą rządu Sri Lanki. Prabhakaran w 1972, w wieku 18 lat założył organizację Nowe Tamilskie Tygrysy, która była sukcesorką licznych ruchów protestujących przeciw osiedlaniu się Syngalezów na północy i północnym wschodzie Cejlonu, przy jednoczesnych przesiedleniach mniejszości tamilskiej. Po serii początkowych pokojowych protestów, Tamilskie Tygrysy miały zapewnić szkolenie i przygotowanie wojskowe dla dalszego ruchu sprzeciwu. W 1975 Prabhakaran zorganizował pierwszy spisek i dokonał pierwszego politycznego morderstwa, strzelając do burmistrza Dżafny, kiedy ten wchodził do hinduskiej świątyni. W maju 1976 organizacja przyjęła nazwę Tygrysy Wyzwolenia Tamilskiego Ilamu.
  • Ο Βελουπιλάι Πραμπακαράν (வேலுப்பிள்ளை பிரபாகரன், 26 Νοεμβρίου 1954 - 18 Μαΐου 2009) ήταν πρόεδρος του αυτοανακηρυχθέντος κράτους (και μη αναγνωρισμένου διεθνώς) στη Σρι Λάνκα. Ήταν Ινδουιστής και εθνικιστής. Πολλές φορές αναφέρεται με το ψευδώνυμο Ταμπί. Ως το θάνατό του, το 2009, ο τόπος κατοικίας του παρέμενε άγνωστος. Το όνομά του γράφεται και Πραμπχακαράν.
  • Velupillai Prabakharan (en tamil: வேலுப்பிள்ளை பிரபாகரன், 26 de noviembre de 1954 — 18 de mayo de 2009​​​) fue el líder y fundador del grupo separatista tamil Tigres de Liberación del Eelam Tamil, que buscaba la creación de un estado Tamil independente en las zonas este y norte de Sri Lanka. Nació en la localidad costera de (Sri Lanka).
  • فيلوبيلاي برابهاكاران زعيم نمور التاميل في سريلانكا. قتل في هجوم الجيش السريلانكي القاضي في أيار 2009، والذي أنهى تمرداً استمر منذ عام 1983. قاتلت حركة نمور التاميل ضد حكومة العاصمة كولومبو بهدف الاستقلال الذاتي في إيلام التاميلية وهي المناطق التي تقطنها عرقية التاميل شمالي وشرقي الجزيرة التي تحكمها غالبية من عرقية السنهاليين.
  • Velupillai Prabhakaran was a Sri Lankan Tamil guerrilla and the founder and leader of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), a militant organization that sought to create an independent Tamil state in the north and east of Sri Lanka. The LTTE waged war in Sri Lanka for more than 25 years, to create an independent state for the Sri Lankan Tamil people. Prabhakaran was the youngest of four children, born in Valvettithurai, on Sri Lanka's Jaffna peninsula's northern coast. Considered the heart of Tamil culture and literature in Sri Lanka, Jaffna was concentrated with growing Tamil nationalism, which called for autonomy for Tamils to protest the discrimination against them by the Sinhalese-dominated Sri Lanka government and Sinhalese civilians since Sri Lanka gained independence from Britain in 1948. Founded in 1976, the LTTE rocketed to prominence in 1983 after it ambushed a patrol of the Sri Lanka Army outside Jaffna, resulting in the deaths of 13 soldiers. This ambush, along with the subsequent pogrom that resulted in the deaths of thousands of Tamil civilians, is generally considered the start of the Sri Lankan Civil War. After years of fighting, including the intervention of the Indian Army (IPKF), the conflict was halted after international mediation in 2001. By then, the LTTE, which came to be known as the Tamil Tigers, controlled large swathes of land in the north and east of the country, running a de facto state with Prabhakaran as its leader. Peace talks eventually broke down, and the Sri Lanka Army launched a military campaign to defeat the LTTE in 2006. Prabhakaran, who had said, “I would prefer to die in honour rather than being caught alive by the enemy”, was killed in fighting with the Sri Lankan Army in May 2009. His son Charles Anthony was also killed in fighting with the Sri Lankan Army, and his wife's and daughter's bodies were reportedly found by the Sri Lankan army; the Sri Lankan government later denied the report. His 12-year-old second son was executed a short time later. Prabhakaran's reported death and the announcement "We have decided to silence our guns. Our only regrets are for the lives lost and that we could not hold out for longer" by Selvarasa Pathmanathan, the Tigers' chief of international relations, brought an end to the armed conflict. A significant figure of Sri Lankan Tamil nationalism, Prabhakaran is often seen as a martyr by Sri Lankan Tamils, but critics have noted that he created one of the most notorious and sophisticated insurgencies, with many of the tactics he pioneered influencing political militant groups globally. Prabhakaran argued that he chose military means only after observing that nonviolent means were ineffectual and obsolete, especially after Tamil Eelam revolutionary Thileepan's fatal hunger strike in 1987 had no effect. Influenced by prominent Indian nationalists Subhas Chandra Bose and Bhagat Singh, who fought the British Empire, Prabhakaran declared that his goal was 'revolutionary socialism and the creation of an egalitarian society'.
  • Thiruvenkadam Velupillai Prabhakaran (in lingua tamil வேலுப்பிள்ளை பிரபாகரன்; , 26 novembre 1954 – 18 maggio 2009) è stato un guerrigliero cingalese di etnia tamil. È stato il fondatore e leader delle Tigri Tamil (LTTE, ossia Tigri per la liberazione della patria Tamil), un gruppo militante nazionalista tamil che ha condotto una campagna secessionista contro il governo dello Sri Lanka dal 1970, al fine di creare uno Stato per il popolo Tamil chiamato Tamil Eelam. Fondato nel 1976, l'LTTE ha portato avanti una campagna secessionista confluita nella guerra civile dello Sri Lanka scoppiata nel 1983 e durata fino al 2009. Dal 2001 le Tigri Tamil controllarono vaste aree del territorio a nord e a est dello Sri Lanka, e Prabhakaran divenne il leader indiscusso di questo autoproclamato Stato. Dopo che i trattati di pace si interruppero, nel 2006 l'esercito nazionale dello Sri Lanka avviò una campagna militare contro Prabhakaran. È stato ucciso nel 2009 mentre cercava di fuggire in India dopo la caduta dei ribelli. È stato accusato di vari crimini di guerra dall’Onu, tra cui l'arruolamento di bambini soldato. Secondo alcune fonti nel 2009 l'ultimo figlio, di 12 anni, fu fucilato dai militari dello Sri Lanka dopo essersi arreso, mentre altri riferiscono sia stato ucciso dalle sue guardie del corpo.
  • Velupillai Prabhakaran (en tàmil: வேலுப்பிள்ளை பிரபாகரன்) (Valvettithurai, 26 de novembre de 1954 - Mullaitivu, 18 de maig de 2009) fou un activista polític, fundador i líder dels Tigres d'Alliberament de Tamil Eelam (els Tigres Tàmils), una organització armada formada per crear un Estat tàmil independent al nord i est de Sri Lanka.
  • 韦卢皮莱·普拉巴卡兰(英語:Velupillai Prabhakaran;坦米爾語:வேலுப்பிள்ளை பிரபாகரன்)(1954年11月26日-2009年5月18日)是斯里兰卡反政府武装泰米尔伊拉姆猛虎解放组织的创立者和最高领导人。
  • Велупиллаи Прабхакаран (там. வேலுப்பிள்ளை பிரபாகரன் [ˈʋeːlɯpːɨɭːɛi̯ prəˈbɑːɦərən]; р. 26 ноября 1954 — 18 мая 2009) — тамильский националистический политик, основатель и лидер военизированной сепаратистской организации «Тигры освобождения Тамил-Илама» (ТОТИ), которая вела вооружённую борьбу за создание независимого тамильского государства на части территории Шри-Ланки.
  • Velupillai Prabhakaran (tâmil, வேலுப்பிள்ளை பிரபாகரன்) (Jaffna, 26 de novembro de 1954 — 18 de maio de 2009), foi um líder guerrilheiro tâmil, lider dos Tigres da Liberação do Tamil Eelam. Prabhakaran era procurado por diversos órgãos policiais pelo mundo todo pelos atos terroristas de seu grupo, que lutava pela independência de uma região de maioria tâmil no Sri Lanka (cuja população é formada pela maioria cingalesa). Devido ao fato de não haver uma forma de transcrição padrão do alfabeto tâmil para o latino, seu sobrenome é também escrito como Pirapaharan, Prabakharan ou Prabaharan Prabhakaran foi morto em combate contra o Exército em 18 de maio de 2009 com um tiro na cabeça, a queima-roupa. Seu corpo foi reconhecido por dois aliados dele, além de coletadas e testadas amostras de DNA. Após a confirmação seu corpo foi cremado. Foi alegado que seu filho de 12 anos de idade, foi executado pouco tempo depois. Sua morte trouxe um fim imediato à guerra civil.
  • Velupillai Prabhakaran (tamil: வேலுப்பிள்ளை பிரபாகரன்), född 26 november 1954 i Valvettithurai, död 18 maj 2009 nära Mullaitivu, var ledare för gerillarörelsen LTTE, de tamilska tigrarna, i Sri Lanka. Velupillai var född hindu men strävade efter ett sekulariserat, socialistiskt samhälle i den tänkta tamilska staten. Prabhakaran involverades tidigt i kampen för den tamilska minoritetens rättigheter i Sri Lanka. Han valde dock en våldsammare och blodigare väg än den som tidigare tamilska partier och organisationer förespråkat. År 1972, vid 18 års ålder, grundade han (TNT). Denna organisation gick efter 4 år samman med andra militanta grupper och bildade Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, LTTE. Prabhakaran sägs ha burit ansvaret för mordet på borgmästaren i Jaffna 1975, det första politiska mord som utfördes av den tamilska nationaliströrelsen. Prabhakaran var även dömd till döden i sin frånvaro av en domstol i Indien för delaktighet vid mordet av Indiens premiärminister Rajiv Gandhi. Prabhakaran gav sällan intervjuer och gav endast en enda presskonferens, i Killinochchi den 10 april 2002, då LTTE:s chefsförhandlare svarade på de flesta av pressens frågor. Han uppgavs ha ett antal sjukdomar: högt blodtryck, typ 2-diabetes (han behövde alltså inte insulin), problem med hjärtat som yttrade sig i ett par mindre hjärtattacker samt smärta i bröstet vid ansträngning. Han sades även lida av bipolärt syndrom. Enligt den lankesiska militären har det bekräftats att Velupillai Prabhakaran dödades på morgonen den 18 maj 2009 tillsammans med sina närmaste män. Den lankesiske överbefälhavaren sade i ett officiellt uttalande att Sri Lankas försvarsmakt besegrat "rebellerna och befriat hela landet". Velupillai Prabhakaran gömde sig i en skyddszon för civila flyktingar när han blev dödad.
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