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Statements

Subject Item
dbpedia:Semantic_interoperability
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Semantic interoperability is the ability of computer systems to exchange data with unambiguous, shared meaning. Semantic interoperability is a requirement to enable machine computable logic, inferencing, knowledge discovery, and data federation between information systems. Semantic interoperability is therefore concerned not just with the packaging of data (syntax), but the simultaneous transmission of the meaning with the data (semantics). This is accomplished by adding data about the data (metadata), linking each data element to a controlled, shared vocabulary. The meaning of the data is transmitted with the data itself, in one self-describing "information package" that is independent of any information system. It is this shared vocabulary, and its associated links to an ontology, which provides the foundation and capability of machine interpretation, inference, and logic. Syntactic interoperability (see ) is a prerequisite for semantic interoperability. Syntactic interoperability refers to the packaging and transmission mechanisms for data. In healthcare, HL7 has been in use for over thirty years (which predates the internet and web technology), and uses the pipe character (|) as a data delimiter. The current internet standard for document markup is XML, which uses "< >" as a data delimiter. The data delimiters convey no meaning to the data other than to structure the data. Without a data dictionary to translate the contents of the delimiters, the data remains meaningless. While there are many attempts at creating data dictionaries and information models to associate with these data packaging mechanisms, none have been practical to implement. This has only perpetuated the ongoing "babelization" of data and inability to exchange data with meaning. Since the introduction of the Semantic Web concept by Tim Berners-Lee in 1999, there has been growing interest and application of the W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) standards to provide web-scale semantic data exchange, federation, and inferencing capabilities. Semantisk interoperabilitet är förmågan att utväxla information mellan datorsystem på ett sådant sätt att mottagande system utan manuell intervention kan tolka informationens innebörd och producera för slutanvändaren användbara resultat. Vanligen görs detta genom att sändare och mottagare har en gemensam referensmodell över kunskapsområdet och informationsinnehållet representeras på ett kontrollerat sätt med exempelvis koder, överenskommen terminologi eller standardiserade datatyper. Interoperabilidade semântica é a capacidade dos softwares para comunicar informações e ter essas informações correctamente interpretadas pelo sistema receptor, no mesmo sentido, como previsto pelo sistema transmissor. "Correctamente interpretadas" significa que as informações transmitidas serão utilizadas de forma adequada por um sistema de computador que está a receber, porque as implicações lógicas deriváveis a partir das informações transmitidas seriam as mesmas que o sistema transmissor derivaria. A interoperabilidade semântica exige que quaisquer dois sistemas derivem as mesmas inferências para a mesma informação. Este termo é algumas vezes também usado para designar a capacidade dos sistemas de computador para inserir informações em um local público e ter essa informação correctamente interpretada por outros sistemas cujos desenvolvedores não conhecem os criadores da informação, nem a finalidade para a qual foram criadas. La interoperabilidad semántica es la capacidad de los sistemas sistemas informáticos para intercambiar datos con un significado inequívoco y compartido. La interoperabilidad semántica es un requisito para habilitar la lógica computable de la máquina, la inferencia, el descubrimiento de conocimiento y la federación de datos entre sistemas de información.​ Por lo tanto, la interoperabilidad semántica se refiere no solo al empaquetado de datos (sintaxis), sino a la transmisión simultánea del significado con los datos (semántica). Esto se logra agregando datos sobre los datos (metadatos) y vinculando cada elemento de datos a un vocabulario compartido controlado. El significado de los datos se transmite con los datos en sí, en un "paquete de información" autodescriptivo que es independiente de cualquier sistema de información. Es este vocabulario compartido y sus enlaces asociados a una ontología, el que proporciona la base y la capacidad de interpretación, inferencia y lógica de la máquina. La interoperabilidad sintáctica es un requisito previo de la interoperabilidad semántica. La interoperabilidad sintáctica se refiere a los mecanismos de empaquetado y transmisión de datos. En salud, NHL ha estado en uso durante más de treinta años (que es anterior a Internet y la tecnología web) y utiliza el carácter de canalización (|) como delimitador de datos. El estándar actual de Internet para el marcado de documentos es XML, que utiliza "<>" como delimitador de datos. Los delimitadores de datos no transmiten ningún significado a los datos, su única función es la de estructurar los datos. Sin un diccionario de datos para traducir el contenido de los delimitadores, los datos no tienen sentido. Si bien hay muchos intentos de crear diccionarios de datos y modelos de información para asociarlos con estos mecanismos de empaquetamiento de datos, ninguno ha sido práctico de implementar. Esto solo ha perpetuado la continua "babelización" de datos y la incapacidad de intercambiar datos con significado. Desde la introducción del concepto de Web Semántica por Tim Berners-Lee en 1999,​ ha habido un creciente interés y aplicación de los estándares W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) para proporcionar capacidades de inferencia, federación e inferencia de datos semánticos a escala web . 语义互操作性,又称为语义协同工作能力或者语义互用性,是互操作性的一种层次。IEEE(Institute of Electrical & Electronic Engineers,电气与电子工程师协会)对互操作性做出了如下定义: 两个或多个系统或组成部分之间交换信息以及对所已经交换的信息加以使用的能力 从IEEE的上述定义来说,语义互操作性就是指两个或多个系统或组成部分之间对所已经交换的信息加以使用的能力。 对于旨在真正实现互操作性的任何工作而言,语义互操作性都不可或缺。数据交换至少要涉及到两个计算机系统参与方:即发送方计算机系统和接受方计算机系统。数据交换旨在为所有的参与方计算机系统,或者交换双方或其中之一带来有用的结果。不过,这些参与方计算机系统的所有用户事先已经就有关何谓有用结果的规定达成了一致意见。只有当参与方计算机系统之间所交换的数据能够得到对方正确处理和使用的情况下,才能称为实现了语义协同工作能力。
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rdfs:comment
Semantic interoperability is the ability of computer systems to exchange data with unambiguous, shared meaning. Semantic interoperability is a requirement to enable machine computable logic, inferencing, knowledge discovery, and data federation between information systems. Since the introduction of the Semantic Web concept by Tim Berners-Lee in 1999, there has been growing interest and application of the W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) standards to provide web-scale semantic data exchange, federation, and inferencing capabilities. La interoperabilidad semántica es la capacidad de los sistemas sistemas informáticos para intercambiar datos con un significado inequívoco y compartido. La interoperabilidad semántica es un requisito para habilitar la lógica computable de la máquina, la inferencia, el descubrimiento de conocimiento y la federación de datos entre sistemas de información.​ 语义互操作性,又称为语义协同工作能力或者语义互用性,是互操作性的一种层次。IEEE(Institute of Electrical & Electronic Engineers,电气与电子工程师协会)对互操作性做出了如下定义: 两个或多个系统或组成部分之间交换信息以及对所已经交换的信息加以使用的能力 从IEEE的上述定义来说,语义互操作性就是指两个或多个系统或组成部分之间对所已经交换的信息加以使用的能力。 对于旨在真正实现互操作性的任何工作而言,语义互操作性都不可或缺。数据交换至少要涉及到两个计算机系统参与方:即发送方计算机系统和接受方计算机系统。数据交换旨在为所有的参与方计算机系统,或者交换双方或其中之一带来有用的结果。不过,这些参与方计算机系统的所有用户事先已经就有关何谓有用结果的规定达成了一致意见。只有当参与方计算机系统之间所交换的数据能够得到对方正确处理和使用的情况下,才能称为实现了语义协同工作能力。 Semantisk interoperabilitet är förmågan att utväxla information mellan datorsystem på ett sådant sätt att mottagande system utan manuell intervention kan tolka informationens innebörd och producera för slutanvändaren användbara resultat. Vanligen görs detta genom att sändare och mottagare har en gemensam referensmodell över kunskapsområdet och informationsinnehållet representeras på ett kontrollerat sätt med exempelvis koder, överenskommen terminologi eller standardiserade datatyper. Interoperabilidade semântica é a capacidade dos softwares para comunicar informações e ter essas informações correctamente interpretadas pelo sistema receptor, no mesmo sentido, como previsto pelo sistema transmissor. "Correctamente interpretadas" significa que as informações transmitidas serão utilizadas de forma adequada por um sistema de computador que está a receber, porque as implicações lógicas deriváveis a partir das informações transmitidas seriam as mesmas que o sistema transmissor derivaria.
rdfs:label
Interoperabilidad semántica Semantisk interoperabilitet Semantic interoperability 语义互操作性 Interoperabilidade semântica
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