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Statements

Subject Item
dbpedia:Targeted_surveillance
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dbpedia-owl:abstract
Targeted surveillance (or targeted interception) is a form of surveillance, such as wiretapping, that is directed towards specific persons of interest, and is distinguishable from mass surveillance (or bulk interception). Both untargeted and targeted surveillance is routinely accused of treating innocent people as suspects in ways that are unfair, of violating human rights, international treaties and conventions as well as national laws, and of failing to pursue security effectively. A 2014 report to the UN General Assembly by the United Nations' top official for counter-terrorism and human rights condemned mass electronic surveillance as a clear violation of core privacy rights guaranteed by multiple treaties and conventions. The report also makes a distinction between "targeted surveillance" - which "depend[s] upon the existence of prior suspicion of the targeted individual or organization" — and "mass surveillance", by which "states with high levels of Internet penetration can [...] gain access to the telephone and e-mail content of an effectively unlimited number of users and maintain an overview of Internet activity associated with particular websites". The United Kingdom's House of Lords also distinguishes between these two broad types of surveillance: * Mass surveillance is also known as “passive” or “undirected” surveillance. [...] It is not targeted on any particular individual but gathers images and information for possible future use. CCTV and databases are examples of mass surveillance. * Targeted surveillance is surveillance directed at particular individuals and can involve the use of specific powers by authorised public agencies. Targeted surveillance can be carried out overtly or covertly, and can involve human agents. Under the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000 (RIPA), targeted covert surveillance is “directed” if it is carried out for a specific investigation or operation. By comparison, if it is carried out on designated premises or on a vehicle, it is “intrusive” surveillance. Targeting methods include the interception of communications, the use of communications “traffic” data, visual surveillance devices, and devices that sense movement, objects or persons. Only targeted interception of traffic and location data in order to combat serious crime, including terrorism, is justified, according to a decision by the European Court of Justice.
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1101487098
rdfs:comment
Targeted surveillance (or targeted interception) is a form of surveillance, such as wiretapping, that is directed towards specific persons of interest, and is distinguishable from mass surveillance (or bulk interception). Both untargeted and targeted surveillance is routinely accused of treating innocent people as suspects in ways that are unfair, of violating human rights, international treaties and conventions as well as national laws, and of failing to pursue security effectively. The United Kingdom's House of Lords also distinguishes between these two broad types of surveillance:
rdfs:label
Targeted surveillance
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dcterms:subject
category:Counterterrorism category:Crime_prevention category:Human_rights category:Law_enforcement_techniques category:National_security category:Surveillance
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
n18:Targeted_surveillance
dbpprop:author
Edward J. Snowden
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38719
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dbpedia:European_Union dbpedia:David_Anderson_(British_politician) dbpedia:TURBINE_(US_government_project) dbpedia:Index_on_Censorship dbpedia:Alistair_Carmichael dbpedia:The_Intercept dbpedia:Basic_Law_for_the_Federal_Republic_of_Germany dbpedia:Encryption dbpedia:United_Nations dbpedia:Malware dbpedia:Mass_surveillance dbpedia:Federal_Criminal_Police_Office_(Germany) dbpedia:United_Kingdom dbpedia:Glenn_Greenwald dbpedia:Human_rights dbpedia:European_Court_of_Human_Rights dbpedia:Regulation_of_Investigatory_Powers_Act_2000 dbpedia:Lawful_interception dbpedia:Edward_Snowden dbpedia:Privacy dbpedia:Information_overload dbpedia:Electronic_Frontier_Foundation dbpedia:Liberty_(advocacy_group) dbpedia:NATO dbpedia:PRISM_(surveillance_program) dbpedia:National_Security_Agency dbpedia:September_11_attacks dbpedia:European_Court_of_Justice dbpedia:Liberal_Democrats_(UK) dbpedia:William_Binney_(U.S._intelligence_official) dbpedia:Greens_(Germany) dbpedia:Wiretap dbpedia:International_treaties_the_United_States_has_not_signed dbpedia:XKeyscore dbpedia:Investigatory_Powers_Act dbpedia:House_of_Lords dbpedia:Yahoo!_email_scanning_program dbpedia:List_of_government_mass_surveillance_projects dbpedia:Troy_Wolverton dbpedia:Federal_Intelligence_Service_(Germany) dbpedia:UN_General_Assembly dbpedia:University_of_Pennsylvania dbpedia:University_of_Zürich dbpedia:Foreign_Intelligence_Surveillance_Court dbpedia:Surveillance dbpedia:Upstream_collection dbpedia:Fourth_Amendment_to_the_United_States_Constitution dbpedia:German_Parliamentary_Committee_investigating_the_NSA_spying_scandal dbpedia:European_Aeronautic_Defence_and_Space_Company dbpedia:Website dbpedia:Tempora dbpedia:European_Parliamentary_Assembly dbpedia:Terror_attack dbpedia:FISA dbpedia:Totalitarian dbpedia:Article_8_of_the_European_Convention_on_Human_Rights dbpedia:FISA_Amendments_Act dbpedia:Dragnet_(policing) dbpedia:Economic_espionage dbpedia:Eurocopter dbpedia:Target_acquisition dbpedia:Person_of_interest dbpedia:Internet dbpedia:Privacy_software dbpedia:SIGINT dbpedia:Terrorism dbpedia:NSA dbpedia:Operation_Eikonal dbpedia:Counter-terrorism dbpedia:Lord_Paddick dbpedia:Privacy_International dbpedia:MUSCULAR_(surveillance_program) dbpedia:Social_network_analysis dbpedia:Tor_(anonymity_network) dbpedia:Right_to_privacy dbpedia:MYSTIC_(surveillance_program) dbpedia:GCHQ dbpedia:Whistleblower dbpedia:Ryan_Gallagher category:National_security category:Surveillance dbpedia:The_Left_(Germany) category:Counterterrorism category:Crime_prevention category:Human_rights category:Law_enforcement_techniques dbpedia:Global_surveillance_disclosures_(2013–present)
dbpprop:text
What I protest most strongly is mass surveillance, indiscriminate surveillance where they are watching everyone. Targeted surveillance that's backed by a court...is the least intrusive means of achieving these investigative goals without destroying the rights of everyone else in a free society It wasn't the fact that we weren't watching people or not, it was the fact that we were watching people so much that we did not understand what we had. The problem is that when you collect it all, when you monitor everyone, you understand nothing.